The most common symptom for heart attack in women is chest pain (angina) or discomfort.
Chest pain in men also presents as the most common symptom. But women are more likely than men to experience other common symptoms, in particular shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, back pain or jaw pain.
Pre heart attack symptoms appear in 50% of people who have heart attacks, according to the US Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care.
As symptoms vary, ranging from constant to intermittent, even disrupting sleeping patterns, it’s important not to ignore them. If you experience any symptom of heart attack, seek emergency care right away even when you’re not sure.
Each heart attack is different. Regardless of symptoms being mild or severe, a heart attack can lead to premature death. The first 2 hours following a heart attack is when 85% of heart damage occurs.
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The risk of heart attack in women increases after menopause due to decreasing levels of oestrogen.
Heart attack symptom in women after menopause include:
Silent heart attacks occur without the tell-tale symptoms. No chest pain, no shortness of breath. You may not even realise you’ve had a heart attack.
A study published in the US medical journal Circulation, revealed that 45% of heart attacks are silent.
While more likely to happen to men, silent heart attack in women is more likely to be fatal.
Silent heart attack will leave the heart scarred. Muscle death will have occurred and the future chance of fatal heart attack will have been increased by a factor of three.
As the name suggests, it is not easy to recognise if you have had a silent heart attack and as a result, adequate treatment may not be received in order to prevent another.
The next heart attack has a strong chance of leading to fatal cardiac arrest. Read more about Sudden Cardiac Arrest.
The heart’s electrical activity can be analysed by an electrocardiogram. An ECG can therefore detect that a silent heart attack has occurred.
Often, symptoms mistakenly attributed to flu, stress or tiredness, may also have been present:
After a silent heart attack, exercise may be more taxing with fatigue coming on more quickly.
Contributing factors for silent heart attacks include diabetes, previous heart attack history, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and body weight.
Research suggests that women experience symptoms for several weeks before a heart attack.
In 2003, 515 women who had experienced heart attack were the subjects of a study, which found 80% of the women had at least one symptom at least 4 weeks prior to their heart attack.
It’s not uncommon for Australian women to share in a family history that includes heart disease, high blood pressure, or high blood cholesterol. Cigarette smoking and obesity are other risk factors that may also be prevalent.
Ask your doctor to test the condition of your heart if you have cardiac risk factors.
You’ll have a better chance of staying on top of your heart health by scheduling regular medical check-ups and following a care plan.
Learning to recognise the symptoms will also help you avoid the likelihood of severe heart damage from a heart attack by taking quick and decisive action.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It does not constitute, replace, or qualify as any form of first aid training.