First Aid Glossary icon

Every important First Aid terms explained.

A

Abdominal Injuries

Trauma to the abdomen causing potential internal bleeding and organ damage.

Advanced Care

Specialized medical interventions beyond basic first aid, requiring professional skills.

AED (Automated External Defibrillator)

Device used to deliver an electric shock to the heart in cardiac arrest.

B

Bandages

Materials used to cover wounds and provide support to injured body parts.

Barrier Device

Protective equipment used during mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to prevent infection.

Basic Life Support (BLS)

Emergency procedures for sustaining life, including CPR and airway management.

C

Calm Reassurance

Providing emotional comfort and reducing anxiety during an emergency situation.

Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cessation of heart function, requiring immediate resuscitative efforts.

Cardiac Conditions

Various heart-related health issues needing medical attention and management.

D

Debriefing

Review and discussion following an emergency event to improve future responses.

Defibrillation

Administering a controlled electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm.

Diabetes

Chronic condition affecting blood sugar regulation, requiring careful management.

E

Ear Injuries

Damage to the ear from trauma or infection, potentially affecting hearing.

Electric Shock

Injury caused by electrical current passing through the body, needing careful handling.

Emergency Contact Numbers

Essential phone numbers to call during emergency situations.

F

Fainting

Temporary loss of consciousness caused by reduced blood flow to the brain.

Febrile Convulsions

Seizures in young children triggered by high fever, needing prompt care.

First Aid Certification

Formal recognition of training and competence in providing first aid.

G

Gauze

Thin, often sterile fabric used to dress and protect wounds.

Gloves

Protective wear for hands to maintain hygiene and prevent contamination.

Good Samaritan Law

Legal protection for individuals who assist in emergencies, provided they act reasonably.

H

Hand Hygiene

Practices to keep hands clean, preventing the spread of germs and infections.

Hazard Assessment

Process of identifying potential risks in an environment to ensure safety.

Head Injuries

Trauma to the head requiring monitoring and potentially urgent care.

I

Immobilisation Techniques

Methods used to keep injured body parts stable and prevent further damage.

Incident Report

Documentation of events and responses during an emergency situation.

Infection Control

Measures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

J

Joint Injuries

Damage to the connections between bones, like sprains or dislocations.

L

Lacerations

Deep cuts or tears in the skin, needing cleaning and closure.

Legal Considerations

Aspects of law relevant to providing first aid.

Life-Threatening Conditions

Serious medical situations requiring immediate intervention to prevent death.

M

Manual Handling

Safe techniques for lifting and moving objects to avoid injury.

Medical Alert Bracelet

Accessory indicating a person's medical conditions in emergencies.

Medical Emergency

Urgent health situation needing immediate medical attention.

N

Nasal Injuries

Injuries to the nose, potentially causing bleeding or breathing issues.

Needlestick Injury

Injury from a needle puncturing the skin, posing infection risk.

Negligence

Failure to provide proper care, resulting in harm.

O

Obstructed Airway

Blockage of the airway requiring immediate intervention.

Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)

Practices ensuring health and safety in the workplace.

P

Pain Management

Techniques to alleviate pain in patients.

Paracetamol

Common medication used to relieve pain and reduce fever.

R

Radiation Exposure

Contact with harmful levels of radiation.

Respiratory Arrest

Complete cessation of breathing, requiring resuscitation.

S

Saline Solution

Sterile saltwater used to clean wounds.

Secondary Survey

Detailed head-to-toe assessment following the primary survey.

T

Tachycardia

Abnormally fast heart rate.

Tetanus

Bacterial infection causing muscle stiffness.

U

Ulcer

Open sore on the skin or mucous membrane.

Universal Precautions

Measures to prevent the spread of infections.

V

Venomous Bites

Bites from venomous animals.

Ventilation

Assisting or controlling breathing.

W

Waterborne Diseases

Diseases transmitted through contaminated water.

Wound Care

Procedures to treat and protect wounds.

X

Xiphoid Process

Small bone at the lower end of the sternum.

Y

Yellow Fever

Viral infection causing fever and jaundice.

Z

Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases transmitted from animals to humans.