In order to be ready for an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency you should follow 3 steps:
The factors that cause someone to have an anaphylactic or asthmatic reaction are called ‘allergens’ or ‘triggers’. When someone living in your home has one of these allergies, or a friend with anaphylaxis or asthma is planning to visit, any trigger substances need to be removed.
In order to reduce the risk of anaphylaxis or an asthma attack by removing triggers in your home, you need to know what the triggers are.
Triggers vary from person to person. To ‘trigger proof’ your home, you’re going to need to know what would cause the individual in question to react adversely. And if that is new territory for you, you only need to ask the person.
The next step in making sure you are ready for an asthma or anaphylactic emergency in the home is to know the symptoms so you can act fast.
If you or someone else is having a severe asthma attack you should call 000 immediately. Symptoms of a severe asthma attack include:
In extremely sensitive cases, it takes only a small amount of the allergen to set off an attack, no matter how well you trigger proof your home. For that reason, make sure you know how to react to an anaphylaxis and asthma emergency in your home.
If someone’s symptoms and signs suggest anaphylaxis you should follow their Anaphylaxis Action Plan or take the following steps:
If someone is showing symptoms of an asthma attack you should follow their Asthma Action Plan or use the following Asthma First Aid Plan:
Note: If someone is showing signs of a severe asthma attack you should call an ambulance immediately and follow this Asthma First Aid Plan until the paramedics arrive.
For more information about anaphylaxis read Guideline 9.2.7 by Australian Resuscitation Council.
To learn more about first aid management for asthma, read Guideline 9.2.5 by Australian Resuscitation Council and New Zealand Resuscitation Council.
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