If you, a family member or a friend have asthma or anaphylaxis, it is important that both you and your home are prepared. In order to be ready for an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency you should follow 3 steps:
The factors that cause someone to have an anaphylactic or asthmatic reaction are called ‘allergens’ or ‘triggers’. In order to reduce the risk of anaphylaxis or an asthma attack in your home you need to remove any trigger substances.
Whether someone living in your home has one of these allergies, or a friend with anaphylaxis or asthma is visiting, it is important to know what the triggers are. Triggers vary from person to person. Knowing the factors that cause a particular individual to have a reaction will make it easier for you to ‘trigger proof’ your home.
The next step in making sure you are ready for an asthma or anaphylactic emergency in the home is to know the symptoms so that you can act fast.
If you or someone else is having a severe asthma attack you should call 000 immediately. Symptoms of a severe asthma attack include:
No matter how well you have trigger proofed your home, in extremely sensitive cases it only takes a small amount of the allergen to set off an attack. You should therefore make sure you know how to react to an anaphylaxis and asthma emergency in your home.
If someone’s symptoms and signs suggest anaphylaxis you should follow their Anaphylaxis Action Plan or take the following steps:
If someone is showing symptoms of an asthma attack you should follow their Asthma Action Plan or use the following Asthma First Aid Plan:
Note: If someone is showing signs of a severe asthma attack you should call an ambulance immediately and follow this Asthma First Aid Plan until they arrive.
For more information about anaphylaxis read Guideline 9.2.7 by Australian Resuscitation Council.
To learn more about first aid management for asthma, read Guideline 9.2.5 by Australian Resuscitation Council and New Zealand Resuscitation Council.
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